Using Expected Points (xPoints) in Player Evaluations in Fantasy Football

November 10, 2023
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Fantasy football is not just about the points a player scores; it’s increasingly about the points they’re expected to score.

Enter expected points, or xPoints—a predictive tool that calculates the likelihood of a player scoring based on various on-field factors such as position, historical performance, and matchup difficulty. This advanced metric has revolutionized player evaluation, shifting the focus from past accomplishments to future potential.

Why does this matter in your fantasy football decisions? xPoints offer a nuanced look at player value, unearthing hidden gems that traditional stats might overlook and avoiding the pitfalls of overvalued players resting on their laurels. It’s about playing the long game, anticipating performance, and staying a step ahead.

We will be demystifying xPoints and showcase how they can be the game-changer in your fantasy football playbook. Whether you’re new to the game or a seasoned manager, understanding and utilizing xPoints can drastically improve your decision-making process, giving you a competitive edge in player evaluations and, ultimately, in your league standings.

Understanding Expected Points (xPoints)

xPoints represent a quantifiable measure of the likelihood that a fantasy football player will score points during a game. This statistic is grounded in a player’s individual actions on the field—such as passes, shots, tackles, and interceptions—and contextual factors, including match location, opposition strength, and game state.

The calculation of xPoints is a meticulous process. It starts by analyzing vast amounts of game data to establish the average number of points a particular action—like a shot from within the box or a key pass—typically contributes to a player’s score. These values are then adjusted for context; for instance, a shot on goal might be worth more xPoints if it’s taken by a forward against a weaker defense as opposed to a defender shooting from distance.

Advanced statistical models, often utilizing machine learning algorithms, are employed to sift through the data. They predict not just the number of actions a player is likely to undertake in a game but also the quality of those actions. This helps in painting a clearer picture of a player’s potential to contribute to the fantasy team’s scoreline, thereby providing fantasy football managers with a powerful tool for assessing player value and performance potential.

Differences between xPoints and Traditional Fantasy Scoring

Understanding the nuances between xPoints and traditional fantasy scoring methods is crucial for any fantasy football participant seeking an edge. Here’s how they differ:

Data-Driven vs. Outcome-Based


  • Data-driven; consider underlying stats like expected goals (xG) and expected assists (xA).
  • Predict future performance based on historical data patterns.

Traditional Scoring:

  • Outcome-based; points are awarded for actual events like goals, assists, and clean sheets.
  • Retrospective, as they only consider what has already occurred.

Predictive vs. Reactive


  • Offer a predictive view, aiming to estimate future contributions.
  • Can signal a player’s potential before it translates to real-world points.

Traditional Scoring

  • Are reactive, reflecting past performances.
  • May not indicate future potential if a player was lucky or unlucky in previous games.

Contextual Sensitivity


  • Adjust for context and game conditions, potentially leveling the playing field between players in different positions and teams.

Traditional Scoring

  • Often don’t account for the context of actions within a game.

Consistency vs. Variance


  • Seek to iron out variance, providing a smoother expectation of player performance.
  • Could highlight consistently good performers who haven’t yet scored high on traditional metrics.

Traditional Scoring

  • Subject to high variance, where a player might score well in one game due to a fluke despite an overall average performance.

Applicability and Usage


  • Used for forecasting and making strategic decisions, especially over a longer term.
  • Can influence transfer decisions and captain choices in fantasy leagues.

Traditional Scoring

  • Form the basis of the game and determine the immediate success or failure of a team in a given week.
  • Crucial for short-term tactics and in-game decisions.

xPoints are about understanding the ‘why’ behind a player’s points tally and using it to predict future outcomes, while traditional scoring is about the ‘what’ that has already happened. By integrating both methods, fantasy managers can balance between a player’s past results and future potential, crafting a team that’s robust against the ups and downs of a typical fantasy football season.

xPoints in Player Evaluation

When it comes to evaluating players in fantasy football, xPoints offer a forward-looking lens that captures potential performance, setting the stage for more informed decisions. Here’s the significance of xPoints in assessing a player’s potential:

  • Anticipating Breakouts: Players often show signs of an imminent upturn in form through their xPoints. For instance, a striker may have high expected goals (xG) but a lower goal tally, hinting at a potential breakout when luck turns their way.
  • Injury Comebacks: xPoints can help gauge if players returning from injury are getting back to their pre-injury levels of creating or preventing scoring opportunities.
  • Transfers and Trades: Fantasy managers can use xPoints to identify undervalued players in the trade market, acquiring assets that may outperform their current valuation based on underlying stats.
  • Impact of Team Dynamics: The metrics take into account how team changes, such as a new manager or system, might affect a player’s potential to score points, offering insights beyond mere historical data.
  • Rookie and New Player Analysis: For newcomers to the league, xPoints can project their impact by comparing their performance in other contexts or adjusting for league-specific variables, offering a glimpse into their prospective fantasy value.
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By looking at what a player is expected to score based on the quality and quantity of their actions on the field, xPoints reveal a dimension of player evaluation that traditional metrics might overlook. They empower fantasy football managers to be proactive rather than reactive, potentially capturing value and performance ahead of the curve. Whether it’s identifying under-the-radar consistency or predicting the next big fantasy star, xPoints have become an indispensable tool in the modern fantasy football arsenal.

The predictive power of xPoints in fantasy football lies in their ability to quantify the likelihood of a player’s future success based on their current performance metrics. Here’s how xPoints serve as a crystal ball into a player’s fantasy fortunes:

  • Quantifying Opportunities: xPoints assess the quality and quantity of a player’s opportunities, such as shots on goal or passes into the box, which can predict future scoring chances more accurately than past successes alone.
  • Efficiency Over Fluke: Players might score a few lucky goals that inflate their points but xPoints look at whether they can sustain this performance. A player with high xPoints and low actual points might be due for a positive regression, signaling a buy-low opportunity for savvy fantasy managers.
  • Adjustment to Changes: Football is dynamic; players switch teams, suffer injuries, or undergo shifts in playing style. xPoints help in understanding how these changes can affect a player’s ability to accrue fantasy points in the future.
  • Consistency in Performance: Instead of focusing on streaks, xPoints provide a steadier measure of performance. Players with consistently high xPoints are often those who contribute positively on the field regularly, even if their traditional fantasy scores haven’t caught up yet.
  • Underlying Skill Level: xPoints strip away the noise of luck and variance, offering a clearer picture of a player’s skill level. For instance, a forward consistently in the right position to score (high xG) is likely to see success over time.
  • Market Inefficiencies: Fantasy football is as much about player performance as it is about market perception. xPoints can identify market inefficiencies, highlighting players whose contributions are undervalued because they haven’t yet translated into actual points.

xPoints offer a more stable and predictive basis for evaluating players, allowing fantasy managers to make decisions not solely based on past performance, which can be misleading, but on a deeper analysis of what is likely to happen in the future. They bring an edge to fantasy football by focusing on a player’s potential rather than just their previous achievements.

Comparing Players Using xPoints

In the intricate ecosystem of fantasy football, evaluating players across different positions is akin to comparing apples and oranges. xPoints, however, provide a universal metric that can level the playing field. Here’s how this advanced statistical tool can be utilized to draw meaningful comparisons between players, regardless of their positions on the pitch:

  • Universal Benchmarking: xPoints create a common ground for comparison by quantifying the expected value of a player’s actions on the field, regardless of position. Whether it’s a goalkeeper’s save or a striker’s shot, xPoints translate different contributions into a single currency of expected value.


  • Role and Impact Clarity: Different positions contribute to the game in varied ways. xPoints help clarify these roles by assigning a value to actions like key passes, interceptions, and tackles, not just goals and assists, allowing for a comprehensive assessment of a player’s impact.
  • Tactical Insight: Positions are deeply influenced by team tactics. xPoints account for the tactical roles assigned to players, enabling comparisons even if two players in the same position have very different responsibilities.
  • Adjustment Factors: Certain adjustments are factored into xPoints to account for the positional demands, such as the expected defensive contributions from a full-back versus the attacking expectations from a winger. This ensures that the evaluations reflect the full range of responsibilities.
  • Normalization Across Leagues: xPoints also allow for comparisons across different leagues and competitions, which often have varying levels of scoring. This normalization is crucial when comparing players in a global fantasy football context.
  • Value Beyond Goals and Assists: While goals and assists are valuable, they don’t paint the full picture, especially for defensive and midfield positions. xPoints fill this gap by valuing the actions leading to goals, thus providing a more nuanced comparison.
  • Positional Scarcity and Value: Understanding the scarcity of high-performing players within each position is critical in fantasy drafts. xPoints can help identify when a player’s expected output makes them particularly valuable relative to others at their position.

By integrating xPoints into player evaluation, fantasy managers can make more informed decisions, ensuring their teams are not just star-studded but balanced and strategically poised to capitalize on the expected performances of players from goalkeeper to striker. This cross-positional comparison is instrumental in building a robust team that can withstand the ups and downs of a fantasy football 

xPoints and Draft Strategy

Drafting in fantasy football is an art enhanced by science, and xPoints offer a scientific edge. As you prepare for the draft, xPoints should serve as a key component of your player analysis. Begin by reviewing historical data, assessing which players consistently exceed their expected point projections. This isn’t just about who scored the most last season but about understanding who is poised to score big in the coming one.

During your preparation, participate in mock drafts and note where players with high xPoints are typically selected. This insight can guide your draft strategy, helping you identify undervalued players who could deliver a high return on investment.

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On draft day, xPoints are an important factor, but they should not overshadow traditional statistics. Goals, assists, and defensive contributions still carry weight and provide a fuller picture of a player’s potential impact.

  • Complementing with Traditional Stats: While xPoints offer a predictive look at player value, balancing them with traditional statistics like goals, assists, and clean sheets ensures a holistic view of a player’s worth.
  • Positional Needs: Ensure you’re not over-focusing on xPoints at the expense of positional requirements. A balanced squad across all areas of the pitch is key to sustained success.
  • Risk Assessment: Some players may have high xPoints but also a history of injuries or inconsistency. Balance their expected points with their reliability and availability.
  • League Format Considerations: Tailor the importance of xPoints based on your league’s scoring system. Some leagues may reward defensive actions more than others, which could influence the value of xPoints for certain players.

By integrating xPoints into your draft strategy while keeping other metrics and factors in balance, you create a multifaceted approach that leverages the predictive power of xPoints without becoming one-dimensional. This strategy positions you to draft a team that is not just promising on paper but also primed for actual fantasy dominance.

xPoints in Trades and Waiver Decisions

Smart trading can be the difference between a good season and a championship run. xPoints can be a powerful tool in evaluating potential trades. When assessing a trade, it’s crucial to look beyond just the surface stats of goals and assists. xPoints help to analyze the underlying performance, revealing which players are likely to sustain or improve their output and who might be overperforming and due for a regression.

To incorporate xPoints effectively in trade analysis:

  • Evaluate Consistency: Compare players’ actual points to their xPoints to see who is consistently meeting or exceeding expectations.
  • Look for Upside: Target players with high xPoints who haven’t yet converted those into actual points, as they have the potential for a breakout.
  • Sell High: Consider trading away players who are performing well above their xPoints, as this performance may be unsustainable. 

The waiver wire is a goldmine for fantasy football managers who know how to use it. xPoints are particularly valuable here for identifying players who are under the radar but are positioned to score high in the coming weeks.

When scouring the waiver wire, use xPoints to:

  • Spot Emerging Talent: Look for players who are starting to accumulate higher xPoints, indicating an uptick in form or an increase in their role within the team.
  • Find Hidden Gems: Seek out players who have a strong xPoints tally but are not yet on everyone’s radar, possibly due to playing for a less prominent team or having a run of bad luck in conversion.
  • Assess Risk vs. Reward: Weigh the potential upside of a player’s high xPoints against their actual performance and the likelihood of them starting or being in form.

By using xPoints to inform both trade and waiver decisions, you align closer to the true value and potential of players, setting your fantasy team up not only for immediate success but sustained excellence throughout the season.

Limitations of xPoints

While xPoints have transformed player evaluation in fantasy football, they are not without limitations. Understanding these constraints is crucial for a nuanced approach to using xPoints in player assessment and strategy.

  • Contextual Blindness: xPoints are calculated based on data that doesn’t always capture the full context of a player’s situation. Factors like a new coach, team dynamics, or even the weather can influence a player’s performance in ways that xPoints cannot account for.
  • Player Roles and Systems: xPoints may not fully reflect a player’s role within a team or the system they play in. For example, a defensive midfielder in a possession-oriented team might have low xPoints despite being critical to the team’s success.
  • Injuries and Form: xPoints do not account for a player’s injury history or current form. A player returning from injury may have historically high xPoints but could underperform due to lack of match fitness.
  • Human Element: The models used to calculate xPoints can’t measure intangibles such as a player’s mental fortitude, leadership, or the ability to perform under pressure.
  • Sample Size and Variability: xPoints are most reliable with a large sample size. Short-term fluctuations can lead to misleading xPoints, suggesting a re-evaluation over a longer period is often necessary.
  • Prediction vs. Outcome: xPoints predict potential points based on past performances, but they do not guarantee future outcomes. Football is unpredictable, and xPoints cannot foresee every possible game scenario.

While xPoints are a valuable tool in fantasy football, they should be used in conjunction with other metrics and with an awareness of their limitations to make the most informed decisions regarding player evaluations.

Advanced Tactics with xPoints

Using xPoints in Fantasy Football is a strategic move for the savvy manager looking to gain an edge. By integrating advanced tactics with xPoints data, managers can refine their approach for superior decision-making.

Dynamic Roster Adjustments: xPoints enable managers to make informed decisions on their line-ups. By analyzing matchups and player xPoints trends, managers can adjust their rosters to maximize potential points for the coming week.

  • Trade Analysis: When evaluating trade offers, xPoints provide an objective measure to compare players. This metric helps in identifying undervalued players who could be trade targets or overvalued players to sell high.
  • Player Potential Identification: Beyond current performance, xPoints can be a leading indicator of a player’s breakout potential. Identifying players with consistently high xPoints but low actual points suggests an untapped potential that could materialize in the future.
  • Risk Management: xPoints can be used to calculate the variance in a player’s performance, helping managers to understand the risk-reward ratio. A player with consistently high xPoints but lower actual points may be a riskier choice due to unpredictability.
  • Tactical Bench Utilization: Managers can leverage xPoints to optimize their bench. By understanding the xPoints of bench players, a manager can strategically play the odds on which bench player to start based on the opponents they face.
  • Situational Awareness: In certain game situations, such as a heavy underdog matchup, xPoints can identify which players might have increased opportunities, thus allowing managers to capitalize on these situations.
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xPoints are a powerful tool in the arsenal of a Fantasy Football manager. When used wisely, they can inform a range of strategic decisions, from drafting to roster management and trade analysis, ultimately leading to a more competitive and data-driven approach to the game.


Wrapping up the exploration of xPoints in fantasy football, their significance cannot be overstated. These advanced metrics unlock a deeper understanding of a player’s contributions beyond what traditional stats can show, enabling a more sophisticated approach to team management.

Enter Maincard, a platform that elevates the fantasy football experience by educating and engaging players through the integration of smart contracts, NFTs, and cryptocurrency within the sports industry. Maincard not only demystifies complex metrics like xPoints but also provides a unique, blockchain-powered platform that enhances how players interact with fantasy sports.

With Maincard, managers gain access to a groundbreaking tool that boasts a user-friendly experience and innovative mechanics, turning the insights gleaned from xPoints into victories. It’s a game-changer for those keen to merge their passion for sports with the latest in tech trends, redefining the fantasy sports landscape.

The continuous adaptation and learning of new metrics such as xPoints, especially through the analytics capabilities of Maincard, are essential for anyone serious about fantasy football success. Maincard is at the forefront of this revolution, offering not just a platform but a new way to experience the sports you love, with the added potential for income through their engaging and safe ecosystem.


What are expected points (xPoints) in fantasy football?

Expected points (xPoints) are a predictive metric used in fantasy football to estimate the number of fantasy points a player is likely to score. This is based on detailed statistical analysis of their actions during games, such as passing, shooting, and tackling, and the context in which these actions occur.

How are xPoints calculated in fantasy sports?

xPoints are calculated using complex algorithms that consider the historical data of similar actions under similar circumstances. These calculations often include the player’s position, the difficulty of the match, the quality of the opposition, and the game’s location (home or away).

Why are xPoints important in player evaluation?

xPoints are important because they offer a more nuanced view of a player’s performance potential than traditional statistics. This metric helps fantasy football managers understand the underlying quality of a player’s contributions that may not be immediately apparent through traditional scoring.

What is the difference between xPoints and traditional fantasy scoring?

Unlike traditional fantasy scoring, which only accounts for actual outcomes like goals, assists, and clean sheets, xPoints consider the expected value of all actions, providing insight into future performances rather than just historical results.

How can xPoints be used to gauge a player’s performance potential?

xPoints can be used to gauge a player’s performance potential by analyzing their expected contributions in various scenarios. If a player consistently achieves high xPoints, it suggests they are frequently involved in high-value actions, indicating strong future performance potential.

In what ways do xPoints predict future fantasy success?

xPoints predict future fantasy success by quantifying the likelihood of a player’s actions leading to points. They consider a player’s efficiency in high-value situations, which correlates with future scoring opportunities.

Can xPoints be used to compare players across different positions effectively?

Yes, xPoints can be effective for comparing players across different positions as they provide a position-agnostic value of actions. Whether a player is a forward, midfielder, or defender, xPoints level the playing field by evaluating the expected impact of their in-game decisions.

How can xPoints influence draft preparation in fantasy football?

During draft preparation, xPoints can help identify undervalued players who may not have high traditional fantasy scores but have high potential value based on their on-field actions. This can guide managers to make more informed picks that could yield high returns over the season.

What are the limitations of using xPoints in fantasy football analysis?

The limitations of xPoints include potential inaccuracies in the models used to calculate them, a lack of consideration for real-world variables like team dynamics, and the unpredictability of football, where a low-probability event can still occur.

How can advanced tactics incorporating xPoints improve your fantasy football strategy?

Advanced tactics that incorporate xPoints can improve your fantasy football strategy by enabling you to make data-driven decisions. By understanding the expected value of players’ actions, you can craft a team that maximizes the potential for high returns, identify breakout candidates, and make more strategic trades and waivers.

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